Flat feet is a condition that occurs when the joints in the feet become disjointed and causes the tendons to stretch and become damaged. Once the tendons are damaged, the feet lose their arch because they are no longer able to support the arch. When a person looses their arch, upon standing, the middle part of their foot touches the floor and is in a straight line from the toes to the heel. This is why the loss of the arch is called having “flat feet.”
This condition is usually not harmful, and normally occurs in babies or infants that have not yet developed enough muscles to form the tendons. In adults it may happen because there is insufficient building blocks in the body to support the joints. This may happen because of not taking enough vitamins or eating proper foods from the food pyramid regularly. If the flat feet become painful, this may indicate more severe issues happening in the body and an Orthopedic or Podiatrist would need to be consulted. The physician may suggest the person get surgery or extensive therapy for the foot that has lost its arch.
In other cases that need non-invasive treatment, good running shoes for flat feet may be recommended. Sometimes shoes that fit this description are called orthopedic shoes and are specially designed for flat feet. What makes these shoes specific for flat feet include a special made arch embedded in the cushion of the shoe. The sole of the shoe would be wider than normal, the heel will be firmer than normal shoes, the design of the sole is in a rocker form and there is more cushion to support the unnatural arch formed with the shoe.
Most shoes that support flat feet are noticeably unlike other shoes because of the thicker sole making them unattractive to most wearers. However, there are some companies that cater to creating customized shoes for flat feet that could blend in with normal shoes without losing the comfort of the arch support. This feature is specifically noticeable in dress shoes and running shoes. The sole is still made thicker than normal, but the top of the shoe (upper) is sewn lower on the shoe into the sole to help it blend more.